top of page


  1. Laver, P.N. and K.A. Alexander, Association with humans and seasonality interact to reverse predictions for animal space use. Movement ecology, 2018. 6(1): p. 5.

  2. Wisely, S.M., K. Alexander, and L. Cassidy, Linking ecosystem services to livelihoods in southern Africa. Ecosystem Services, 2018. 30: p. 339-341.

  3. Alexander, K., M. Ramotadima, and C.E. Sanderson, The power of consensus: Developing a community voice in land use planning and tourism development in biodiversity hotspots. Ecosystem Services, 2018. 30: p. 350-361.

  4. Joos-Vandewalle, S., R. Wynberg, and K. Alexander, Dependencies on natural resources in transitioning urban centers of northern Botswana. Ecosystem Services, 2018. 30: p. 342-349.

  5. Fox, J.T., M.E. Vandewalle, and K.A. Alexander, Land Cover Change in Northern Botswana: The Influence of Climate, Fire, and Elephants on Semi-Arid Savanna Woodlands. Land, 2017. 6(4): p. 73.

  6. Fox, J.T. and K. Alexander, Spatiotemporal patterns and drivers of landscape change in a semi-arid, southern African savanna: a satellite imaging and intensity analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 2017. 5: p. S22.

  7. Alexander, K.A. and C.E. Sanderson, Battling the illegal wildlife trade. Nature ecology & evolution, 2017. 1(4): p. 0090.

  8. Nichols, C., M. Vandewalle, and K. Alexander, Emerging threats to dryland forest resources: elephants and fire are only part of the story. Forestry: An International Journal of Forest Research, 2017. 90(4): p. 473-484.

  9. Phan, T., Dreno, B., Charlys da Costa, C Li, L., Orlandi, P., Deng, X., Kapusinszky, B., Siqueira, J., Knol, A., Halary, F., Dantal, J., Alexander, K.A., Pesavento, P., and E. Delwart. 2016. A new protoparvovirus in human fecal samples and cutaneous T cell lymphomas. Virology, 496:299-305.

  10. Alexander, KA, Larsen, MH, Robbe-Austermand, S, Tod, A, Stuberd, and P, Camp. 2016. Draft genome sequence of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi, identified in a banded mongoose  (Mungos mungo) in Northern Botswana. Genome Announcements. vol. 4 no. 4 e00471-16

  11. Alexander KA, Sanderson CE, MH Larsen, Robbe-Austerman SR, Williams MC, Palmer M. 2016. Emerging tuberculosis pathogen hijacks social communication behavior in the group-living banded mongoose (Mungos mungo). mBio, vol. 7 no. 3 e00281-16

  12. Fairbanks, B.M., Hawley, D.M. and K.A. Alexander. 2016. Do not feed the wildlife: Behavior and disease consequences of foraging in garbage for banded mongooses (Mungos mungo). Ecology and Evolution, 6(16): 5932–5939.

  13. Alexander, K.A. and A.N. Godrej. 2015. Greywater disposal practices in Northern Botswana – a silent spring? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12(11), 14529-14540.

  14. Jori, F., Alexander, K.A., Mokopasetso, M., Munstermann, S., Moagabo, K and J.T. Paweska. 2015. Serological evidence of Rift Valley fever virus circulation in domestic cattle and African buffalo in Northern Botswana (2010-2011). Frontiers in Veterinary. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2015.00063.

  15. Fox, T.J.* and K.A. Alexander. 2015. Spatiotemporal variation and the role of wildlife in seasonal water quality declines in the Chobe River, Botswana, Plos One, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0139936 .

  16. Jobbins, S.E.* and K.A. Alexander. 2015. From whence they came - dynamics of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli in African wildlife. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 51(4), 2015, pp. 811–820, DOI:

  17. Alexander, K.A., Sanderson, C.E.*, Marathe, M., Lewis, B.L., Rivers, C.M.+, Shaman, J., Drake, J.M., Lofgren, E., Dato, V.M., Eisenberg, M.C., and S. Eubank. 2015. What factors might have led to the emergence of Ebola in West Africa? 2015. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003652

  18. Laver, P*. Powell, R.A., and K.A. Alexander. 2015. Screening GPS telemetry data for locations having unacceptable error. Ecological Informatics, 27:11-20.

  19. Jobbins, S.E.* and K.A. Alexander. 2014. Evidence of Leptospira among a diversity of African wildlife species - Beyond the usual suspects. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trv007.

  20. Lofgren E., Halloran M.E., Rivers C.M.+, Drake J.M., Porco T.C., Lewis B., Yang W., Vespignani A., Shaman J., Eisenberg J.N.S., Eisenberg M.C., Marathe M., Scarpino S.V., Alexander K.A., Meza R., Ferrari M.J., Hyman J.H., Meyers L.A., S. Eubank. 2014. Mathematical models: A key tool for outbreak response. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, doi:10.1073/pnas.1421551111

  21. Rivers, C.+, Alexander, K.A., Bellan, S., Del Valle, S., Drake, J.M. Eisenberg, J.N.S., Eubank, S., Ferrari, M., Halloran, M.E., Galvani, A., Lewis, B.L., Lewnard, J., Lofgren, E., Macal, C., Marathe, M., Ndeffo Mbah, M.L., Ancel Meyers, L.,  Meza, R., Park, A., Porco,T., Scarpino, S.M., Shaman, J., Vespignani, A., and W.  Yang. 2014. Models overestimate Ebola cases: More than forecasts. Nature 515 (7528), 492.

  22. Halloran M. E., Vespignani, A., Bharti, N., Feldstein, L.R., Alexander, K.A., Ferrari, M., Shaman, J., Drake, J.M., Porco, T., Eisenberg, J.N.S., Del Valle, S.Y., Lofgren, E., Scarpino, S.V., Eisenberg, M.C., Gao, D., Hyman, J.M., Eubank, S., and I.M. Longini Jr. 2014. Ebola – Mobility Data. Science: 346 (6208), 433. [DOI:10.1126/science.346.6208.433-a]

  23. Fairbanks, B.M.*, Hawley, D.M., and K.A. Alexander. 2014. No evidence for avoidance of visibly diseased conspecifics in the highly social banded mongoose (Mungos mungo). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 1-11.

  24. Blackburn, JK. Diamond, U., Kracalik, IT, Widmer, J., Brown, W., Morrissey, B.D., Alexander, K.A, Curtis, A.J., Ali, A., and J.G. Morris.  2014. Household-level spatiotemporal patterns of incidence of cholera, Haiti, 2011. Emerg Infect Dis.

  25. Alexander K.A. and C.E. Sanderson*. 2014. Conserving Carnivores: More than Numbers, Science Mar 14:343(6176):1199.

  26. Blackburn, J.K., Asher, V., Stokke, S., Hunter, D.L., and K.A. Alexander. 2014. Dances with anthrax: wolves, Canis lupus, kill anthrax bacteremic bison in southwestern Montana,  Journal of Wildlife Research, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 393-396.

  27. Fairbanks, B.M.*, Hawley, D.M., and K.A. Alexander. 2014. The Impact of Health Status on Dispersal Behavior in Banded Mongooses (Mungos mungo) EcoHealth: Volume 11, Issue 2 (2014), Page 258-262    

  28. Sanderson, C.E.,* Jobbins, S.E.*, and K.A. Alexander. 2013. For the social carnivore, life is complicated. Population Ecology, DOI: 10.1007/s10144-013-0410-5.         

  29. Bagamian, K., Alexander, K.A., Hadfield, T.L., J.K. Blackburn 2013. Ante- and post-mortem diagnostic techniques for anthrax: rethinking pathogen exposure and the geographic extent of the disease. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 10/2013; 49(4):786-801. DOI:10.7589/2013-05-126.

  30. Alexander, K.A., and J.K. Blackburn. 2013. Overcoming barriers in evaluating outbreaks of diarrheal disease in resource poor settings: Assessment of recurrent outbreaks in Chobe District, Botswana. BMC Public Health, 13:775.

  31. Jobbins, S.E.*, Sanderson, C.E.*, and K.A. Alexander. 2013. Leptospira interrogans at the human – wildlife interface in Northern Botswana: a newly identified public health threat, Zoonoses and Public Health. DOI: 10.1111/zph.12052.

  32. Pesapane, R.* Ponder, M. and K.A. Alexander. 2013. Tracking pathogens at the human wildlife interface. EcoHealth, DOI: 10.1007/s10393-013-0838-2.

  33. Alexander, K.A., Carzolio, M., Goodin, D, and E. Vance. 2013. Climate change is likely to worsen the public health threat of diarrheal disease in Botswana. Environmental Research and Public Health, 10, 1202-1230.

  34. Alexander, K.A., Heirben, J., and A. Zajac. 2012 The Occurrence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia Infections Among Patients Reporting Diarrheal Disease in Chobe District, Botswana. Advances in Infectious Disease, 2012, 2, 143-147.

  35. Alexander, K.A., Lewis, B., Madav, M. Eubank, S. and J.K. Blackburn. 2012. Modeling of Wildlife Associated Zoonoses: Applications and Caveats. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 12(12): 1005-1018.

  36. Laver, P.*, Ganswindt, A., Ganswindt, S, and K.A. Alexander. 2012. Non-invasive monitoring of glucocorticoid metabolites in banded mongoose (Mungos mungo) in response to physiological and biological challenges. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 179[2]: 178-183.

  37. Alexander, K.A. Blackburn, J.K., Biopoledi, K.A., Vandewalle, M.E., Pesapane, R.*, and P. Elzer. 2012.  Buffalo, bush meat and the zoonotic threat of brucellosis in Botswana. PLoS ONE, 7(3):e32842.

  38. Alexander, K.A., Blackburn, J.K., and Frimpong, E.A. 2011 Buffalo, Maslow’s Hammer, and the Ecologist’s Statistical Toolbox. Frontiers and Ecology and the Environment, 9:302–303.

  39. Alexander, K.A., and J.W. McNutt. 2010. Human behavior can influence the emergence of infectious disease at the human - wildlife interface. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, 8: 522–526.

  40. Alexander, K.A. Laver, P. N.*, Michel, A.L., Williams, M., van Helden, P.D., Warren, R.M., and N.C. Gey van Pittius. 2010. The emergence of a previously unidentified Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi, sp nov. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16(8):1296 - 1299.

  41. Alexander K.A., McNutt, J.W., Briggs, M.B., Stander, P.E., Funston, P., Hemson, G., Keet, D., and M van Vuuren. 2010. Multi - host pathogens and carnivore management in Southern Africa. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 33(3):249 - 265.

  42. Roelke M.E., Brown M.A., Troyer J.L., Winterbach, H., Winterbach, C., Hemson, G., Smith, D., Johnson, R.C., Pecon - Slattery, J., Roca, A.L., Alexander, K.A., Klein, L., Martelli, P., Krishnasamy, K., and S.J. O'Brien. 2009. Pathological manifestations of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) infection in wild African lions. Virology, 390(1):1-12.

  43. Alexander K.A. 2009. Successful intervention in a Disease Outbreak in the Endangered Iberian Lynx: What can we learn? Animal Conservation, 12(3):183-184.

  44. Antunes, A., Troyer, J.L., Roelke, M.E., Pecon – Slaterry, J., Packer, C., Winterbach, C., Winterbach, H., Hemson G., Frank L., Stander, P., Siefert, L., Driciru,  M., Funston, P., Alexander, K.A., Prager, K.C., Mills, G., Wildt, D., Bush, M., O’Brien, S.J., and  W.E. Johnson. 2008. The evolutionary dynamics of lion Panthera leo revealed by host and viral population genomics. PLoS Genetics, 4(11).

  45. Troyer, J.L., Pecon - Slattery, J., Roelke, M.E., Johnson, W. VandeWoude, S., Vazquez - Salat, N., Brown, M., Frank L., Woodroffe, R., Winterbach, C., Winterbach, H., Hemson, G., Bush, M., Alexander, K.A., and S.J. O’Brien. 2005. Seroprevalence and genomic divergence of circulating strains of Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) among Felidae and Hyaenidae species, Journal of Virology. 79(13):8282-8294.

  46. Alexander, K.A., Pleydell, E., Williams, M., Nyange, J.F.C., and A.L. Michel. 2002. Mycobacterium tuberculosis: An emerging disease of free - ranging wildlife. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(6):598-601.

  47. Penzhorn, B.L., Stylianides, E., van Vuuren, M., Alexander, K.A, Meltzer D.G.A., and N. Mukarati. 2002. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in free - ranging lion and leopard populations in Southern Africa. South African Journal of Wildlife Research, 32(2):163-165.

  48. Alexander, K.A., Kat, P.W., Munson, L.A., Kalake, A. and M.J.G. Appel, 1996. Canine distemper - related mortality among wild dogs (Lycoan pictus) in Chobe National Park, Botswana. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 27(3):426-427.

  49. House, C., Alexander, K.A., Kat, P.W., O'Brien, S.J., and J. Mangiafico, 1996. Serum antibody to Rift Valley fever virus in African carnivores. Annals of the New York Academy of Science, 791:345-349.

  50. Alexander, K.A., Kat, P.W., Frank, L.G., Holekamp, K.E. Smale, L., House, C., and M.J.G. Appel. 1995. Evidence of canine distemper virus infection among free - ranging spotted hyenas (Crocuta crocuta) in the Masai Mara, Kenya. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 26(2):201-206.

  51. Alexander, K.A., Kat, P.W., House, J.A., House, C., Laurenson, M.K., McNutt, J.W., O'Brien, S.J., and B.I. Osburn. 1995. African horse sickness and African carnivores.  Veterinary Microbiology, 47(1-2):133-140.

  52. Kat, P.W., Alexander, K.A., Smith, J.S. and L. Munson. Rabies and African wild dogs in Kenya. 1995. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B - Biological Sciences, 262(1364):229-233.

  53. Alexander, K.A. and M. Appel. 1994. African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) endangered by a canine distemper epizootic among domestic dogs near the Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya.  Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 30(4):481-485.

  54. Alexander, K.A., Kat, P.W., Wayne, R. K., and T.K. Fuller. 1994. Serologic survey of selected canine pathogens among free-ranging jackals in Kenya. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 30(4):486-491.

  55. Alexander, K.A., MacLachlan, N.J., Kat, P.W., House, C., O'Brien, S.J., Lerche, N.W., Sawyer, M., Frank, L.G., Holekamp, K., Smale, L., McNutt, J.W., Laurenson, K., Mills, M.G.L. and B.I. Osburn. 1994. Evidence of natural bluetongue infection among African carnivores. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 51(5):568-576.




Alexander, K.A., N. Nagafela and M. Ramotadima (Ed.) Bibliography of Environmental Research in Botswana 1930-2002. 2004. Distributed by CARACAL and Botswana Department of Wildlife and National Parks.  188 pages. BOOK CHAPTERS: (graduate students and postdoctoral researchers*)



Book Chapters:

1. Alexander, K.A., Sanderson, C.E.*, and P.N. Laver*. 2014. Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex spp. in group-living African mammals.  H. Mukundan, M.A. Chambers, W.R. Waters, and M. H. Larsen (Ed.) In Many Hosts of Mycobacteria Tuberculosis, Leprosy, and other Mycobacterial Diseases of Man and Animals. CABI publishers, New York. In press.


2.    Vandewalle, M.E. and K.A. Alexander, 2014. Germs, Guns, and Ivory: The History of Botswana’s Elephants. In African elephants and savannah dynamics. de Toit, J.,  Skarpe,  C., and S. Moe (Ed), Oxford, Blackwell Publishing.

bottom of page